History and Archaeology in Countries of Black Sea Basin

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1 March 26, 2015


1.
2015.01.001. Filatova I.V. The Design Features of Complex Vessels of Malyshev Neolithic Culture of Lower Priamurye (case study: Malyshevo 1 Settlement) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 5-13. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1426007801.pdf

Abstract:
According to the author’s opinion, the solution for cultural genesis issues can be tackled through the analysis of structural peculiarities of hollow bodies of vessels of different ceramic complexes. The ceramics of the Malyshev Culture of the Lower Amur is no exception. The article traces the evolution of researchers’ views in regard to Neolithic culture in inner periodization of the region as well as cultural relevance of early complex ceramics by a well known Soviet archeologist academic A.P. Okladnykov - stage of Lower Amur Neolithic culture. Case study: visualization of ceramic collection of one-layer Neolithic settlement Malyshevo-1 (“At the craftsmen”). Here we identify two vessel groups, which differ through their morphological and decorative features. On the ground of technological assessments of manufacturing techniques by I. G. Glushkov (1996), including methodological developments by A. A. Bobrinsky (1978), the program of hollow body design is researched. The manufacturing techniques are identified (methods of fixing, build-up, straps oiling, types of molding), filling program, cutting and bottom fixing. The mixed programs of hollow body vessels are identified and locations of two pottery traditions are found. A competitive analysis for identifying the peculiarities of Malyshev ceramics and Neolithic materials of the Lower Amur and bordering seaside territories. There are similarities are drawn out between ceramic complexes of Osipov culture of early Neolithic (Lower Amur) and Rudninsky culture (Rudninsky type, Sergeev type) of early Neolithic (seaside territories).

Keywords:
Neolithic; the Lower Priamurye, Malyshev Culture; early complex; ceramics, designing.

Literature Quotes:
Filatova I.V. The Design Features of Complex Vessels of Malyshev Neolithic Culture of Lower Priamurye (case study: Malyshevo 1 Settlement) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 5-13.
Number of views: 259      Download in PDF


2.
2015.01.002. Maliniak P. On Hungarian-Galician Marriage Politics in the 13th Century: The Wedding of Dynasties in Zvolen and its Reflections in Central European Historiography // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 36-40. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1426007940.pdf

Abstract:
The historical research already has been concentrated on information in Galician-Volynian Chronicle, dated in source till 1250. It describes making peace with Hungarian king Bela IV. and Galician prince Danil Romanovich. The question of events chronology is the central problem in interpretation of source. The Hungarian, Czech, Polish and Ukrainian historiography pays attention especially to these problems in the latest years. We tend to opinion, that the peace contract and marriage of Hungarian princess Constance with prince Leo took place in the royal residence in Zvolen in 1247. Scientists suppose in tendency to determine more precisely place of peace contract and marriage, that it was old Zvolen castle in todayʼs Slovakia.

Keywords:
historiography; king Bela IV; prince Danil; politics of appeasement; Hungarian kingdom; Slovakia; Zvolen.

Literature Quotes:
Maliniak P. On Hungarian-Galician Marriage Politics in the 13th Century: The Wedding of Dynasties in Zvolen and its Reflections in Central European Historiography // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 36-40.
Number of views: 272      Download in PDF


3.
2015.01.003. Redin D.А., Мarie-Pierre Rey Peter the Great and Alexander I: Double portrait in the European interior // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 55-69. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n /1426008037.pdf

Abstract:
The two official visits to Paris made by Russian sovereigns, the first one by Peter I in Spring 1717 and the second one by Alexander I in Spring 1814, have been significant events for the history of Russian-French relations and for European history in general. Each of these trips generated an extensive literature and the circumstances, the origins, the goals, and outcomes of the sovereigns’ stay in the French capital are very well documented. The authors proposed to analyze these trips in a comparative and diachronic way, considering that despite their differences in terms of cultural and political contexts, this approach is relevant. Indeed, the article aims at showing that the visits had a common impact: they contributed to reform stereotypes about Russia and Russians in the eyes of French elites and public opinion, and beyond, in European public opinion. During their trips, convincingly demonstrating that Russia belongs to the European space, the two monarchs significantly transformed the perception of their country, so far perceived as a barbaric, tyrannical and potentially dangerous country for Europe. However, at the same time, the authors conclude that the deconstruction of old stereotypes did not lead to their complete eradication. As a result, in European public opinion, emerged a «dual perception» of Russia that is a negative one, going back to late medieval tradition, and a more positive one, associated with the recognition of its belonging to the modern European cultural space.

Keywords:
Peter I; 1717; Alexander I; 1814; Paris; France; French-Russian relations XVIII–XIX-th centuries; French-Russian perceptions XVIII–XIX-th centuries; stereotypes; public opinion; Europe; European civilization.

Literature Quotes:
Redin D.А., Мarie-Pierre Rey Peter the Great and Alexander I: Double portrait in the European interior // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 55-69.
Number of views: 271      Download in PDF


4.
2015.01.004. Tynnikov Ju.S., Krylova V.V. Features of the Russian Language Institutiolization in the Poly-ethnic Environment of Sochi District by Means of Education at the Turn of XIX–XX Centuries // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 107-115. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/ 1426008258.pdf

Abstract:
The paper is concerned with the educational policy in pre-revolutionary Russia and the North Caucasus at the turn of XIX-XX centuries, detects the reasons, problems and the ways of the education formation among the multi-national population of Sochi District in the studied period. The role of the Russian language in the formation of major channels of the interethnic communication, introduction of the multinational population to the Russian culture, development of the state integrity is examined.

Keywords:
Educational policy of the Russian state in late XIX – early XX centuries; Sochi Okrug of the Chernomorskaya Guberniya (Black Sea Province); Caucasian Educational Okrug; village training schools of the Ministry of Public Instruction; primary education; non-Russian population; institutional status of the Russian language.

Literature Quotes:
Tynnikov Ju.S., Krylova V.V. Features of the Russian Language Institutiolization in the Poly-ethnic Environment of Sochi District by Means of Education at the Turn of XIX–XX Centuries // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 107-115.
Number of views: 267      Download in PDF


5.
2015.01.005. Taran K.V. Rural Communities on the Outskirts of the Russian Empire amid the First Russian Revolution (through the Example of Villages within the Black Sea Governorate) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 124-132. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1426008332.pdf

Abstract:
This article, based on archive materials, analyzes the conduct of rural communities in the epicenters of uprisings during the First Russian Revolution. The author notes that during the First Russian Revolution (1905-1907) peasants in rural communities, as, for instance, those within the Black Sea Governorate’s Sochi Okrug, were in point of fact left to themselves. Having found themselves alone with members of the social-democratic party, the rural communities had to decide: whether to buy into revolutionary propaganda or sabotage anti-government activity.

Keywords:
rural communities; Russian Empire; 1905–1907; First Russian Revolution.

Literature Quotes:
Taran K.V. Rural Communities on the Outskirts of the Russian Empire amid the First Russian Revolution (through the Example of Villages within the Black Sea Governorate) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 124-132.
Number of views: 265      Download in PDF


6.
2015.01.006. Mitiukov N.W. Naval Assistance to Spain and the Triple Entente // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 133-136. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1426008377.pdf

Abstract:
During the World War I Spain rendered military support to the Triple Entente, avoiding the regime of neutrality. Five trawlers, converted into minesweepers were sold to Russia and eight – to Italy. Data, concerning France, vary. There is information about no less than 27 trawlers. But probably 243 watercrafts were sold to France and 14 were contracted to build.

Keywords:
World War I; complement; arms delivery; Spain; neutrality.

Literature Quotes:
Mitiukov N.W. Naval Assistance to Spain and the Triple Entente // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 133-136.
Number of views: 256      Download in PDF


7.
2015.01.007. Eremeeva A.N. Research and protection of natural resources of the Southern Russia during the First World War // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 159-166. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/ journals_n/1426008533.pdf

Abstract:
This article is provided the historical analysis of the main directions in the research and protection of natural resources of the Southern Russia in the conditions of the First World War. It is based on the materials from the funds of central and regional archives, periodical publications, and little-known scientific and scientific-popular works of 1914-1917. Author deals with the old, ongoing projects as well as the new ones which were the response to the challenges of war. The activities of state and public structures in “mobilization” of science are elucidated. The close connection of many research initiatives and development of recreational area in the South of Russia is shown.

Keywords:
First World War; South of Russia; research of natural resources; "mobilization" of science; the nature conservancy.

Literature Quotes:
Eremeeva A.N. Research and protection of natural resources of the Southern Russia during the First World War // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 159-166.
Number of views: 255      Download in PDF


8.
2015.01.008. Garazha N.A. Gender Aspect of Soviet Citizens’ Labour use on the Territory of the Third Reich During the World War II // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 185-191. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1426008633.pdf

Abstract:
This article is an attempt to consider the issues of the use of eastern worker’s labour in the Third Reich during the World War II from the point of view of historical category of gender. The represented category is considered as social and cultural manifestations of gender in the conditions of captivity, transformation of sexuality and representation of gender system in the specific conditions of camp life and coercion and etc.

Keywords:
gender; gender history; eastern workers; Ostarbaiter; prisoners of the war; World War II; the Krasnodar region; the Third Reich.

Literature Quotes:
Garazha N.A. Gender Aspect of Soviet Citizens’ Labour use on the Territory of the Third Reich During the World War II // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 185-191.
Number of views: 249      Download in PDF


9.
2015.01.009. Magsumov T.A., Kornilova I.V. Book in the Sociocultural History of the East of the Russian Empire // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 211-214. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/ journals_n/1426008769.pdf

Abstract:
The monograph by Doctor of Historical Sciences E.N. Valeyev "History of book industry in the Volga-Kama region (1773-1917)" (Kazan, 2012. 408 p.) is devoted to the underinvestigated chapters of book history of the Russian province in the context of multinational Volga-Kama region. The author pays particular attention to the establishment and development of book culture of the peoples living in the region in the context of understanding the long historical path of national culture development on the rich historical background of the late XVIII - early XX centuries.

Keywords:
review; monograph; booklore; book publishing; book culture; Volga-Kama region.

Literature Quotes:
Magsumov T.A., Kornilova I.V. Book in the Sociocultural History of the East of the Russian Empire // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 1 (35). pp. 211-214.
Number of views: 247      Download in PDF


10.
2015.01.010. Mitiukov N.W. The Museum-ship "Abdon Calderon" // European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(92), Is. 3, pp. 172-184. Code http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1427562998.pdf

Abstract:
The paper deals the reconstruction of the career of the Ecuadorian tug "Abdon Calderon," which is now a museum-ship. It is shown that the ship had a significant impact on the naval history of Ecuador. But the role of the ship in the battle in the strait Jambeli in 1941 clearly exaggerated.

Keywords:
naval; history; Ecuador; museum-ship.

Literature Quotes:
Mitiukov N.W. The Museum-ship "Abdon Calderon" // European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(92), Is. 3, pp. 172-184.
Number of views: 253      Download in PDF


11.
2015.01.011. Akhalmosulishvili T., Kebadze M. For the Issue of Olympic Movement History in Georgia // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 4-7. Code http://ejournal3.com/journals_n/1426100159.pdf

Abstract:
For its geographical location Georgia represents the part of old cultural world situated on the border of two continents-Europe and Asia. Such location always provided Georgia’s cultural and agricultural promotion during its long history. As it is well-known, from VIII century of old era, on the south-east of the Black Sea and later on the east (Georgian today) coast Greek settlements appeared. First settlements were Sinopi, Pazisi, Gienosi, Dioskuria, etc. Greek settlements also appeared on the west and north coasts of the Black Sea in the VII-VI centuries of the old era. Greek settlements played an important role in the process of cultural-economic development of the Black sea population with the antique world. Keeping in mind the history of old Greece and Georgia’s military-political, economical and cultural relations, it should not be surprising that these relations revealed in sport life that made the basements of Olympic movement in Georgia.

Keywords:
Valeri Ekletka; Vani; Tskhra Tskaro.

Literature Quotes:
Akhalmosulishvili T., Kebadze M. For the Issue of Olympic Movement History in Georgia // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 4-7.
Number of views: 251      Download in PDF


12.
2015.01.012. Blejh H.O., Ramonova L.M. The Struggle of the Russian Intelligentsia for the Spiritual Development of Caucasus Krai (the 19th Century) // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 8-15. Code http://ejournal3.com/journals_n/ 1426100159.pdf

Abstract:
This article features new little-known materials. Through the example of some of the more prominent representatives of the Russian scientific and creative intelligentsia, the author analyzes certain awareness-raising views on cultural building in the region. The author reveals in a survey/abstract form that interest in the Caucasus had been exhibited by the entire frontline Russian intelligentsia in the persons of its best representatives: A.S. Pushkin, M.Yu. Lermontov, A.S. Griboyedov, L.N. Tolstoy, A.P. Belyayev, A.A. Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, I.G. Burtsov, N.N. Muraviev, P.A. Mukhanov, V.D. Sukhorukov, V.S. Tolstoy, and many others. It has been proven that the ideas of compassion for common people were the basis for the creative work of the Russian general public and were shared by Caucasian thinkers (Adil-Girey, G. Dzasokhov, Kazen-Bek, Khan-Girey, and many others) as well, whose works were published in Russian and Caucasian periodicals. This facilitated the boosting of the national self-consciousness of the mountaineer ethnoses and bolstering mutual friendship between them and great Russian people.

Keywords:
Decembrists; spiritual development; Russian intelligentsia; classic authors of literature; Caucasus Krai; cultural building; awareness raising.

Literature Quotes:
Blejh H.O., Ramonova L.M. The Struggle of the Russian Intelligentsia for the Spiritual Development of Caucasus Krai (the 19th Century) // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 8-15.
Number of views: 252      Download in PDF


13.
2015.01.013. Oreshin S.A. The Evolution of the Political System in Stavropol Governorate in 1917 // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 31-38. Code http://ejournal3.com/journals_n/1426100407.pdf

Abstract:
This article addresses the transformation of state governance in Stavropol Governorate subsequent to the victory of the February Revolution of 1917 and the making and evolution of post-Revolutionary bodies of state authority. Based on archive materials and press publications, the author brings to light the process of creating new institutes of authority and analyzes their social composition and their interrelationship. Special attention is given to the activity of the committees for social security – bodies of self-government that were created by the liberal general public in the spring of 1917 and aspired to run the region – and their operation within the governorate in parallel with the bodies of authority of the Provisional Government. The author comes to the conclusion that the lack of consistency in the actions of the new bodies of authority and their renunciation of social reform for peasants led to the radicalization of the latter, which facilitated the triumph of the proponents of Soviet authority in the governorate in late December, 1917.

Keywords:
February Revolution; Stavropol Governorate; national-state building; committees for state security; Stavropol Governorate Commissariat; Councils of Peasant Deputies.

Literature Quotes:
Oreshin S.A. The Evolution of the Political System in Stavropol Governorate in 1917 // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 31-38.
Number of views: 263      Download in PDF


14.
2015.01.014. Ter-Oganov N.K. From Military Modernization to Nationalism and a National State in Qajar Iran // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 39-50. Code http://ejournal3.com/journals_n/1426100407.pdf

Abstract:
This article examines the historical landmarks of the development of Qajar Iran in the 19th century. Following a number of defeats at the hands of the Russian Empire in the first third of the 19th century, Iran’s leadership started to give serious thought to modernizing its army. The author also touches upon the concept of nationalism in Iran and describes its distinctive characteristics.

Keywords:
military modernization; nationalism; Iran.

Literature Quotes:
Ter-Oganov N.K. From Military Modernization to Nationalism and a National State in Qajar Iran // History and Historians in the Context of the Time, 2015, Vol. (14), Is. 1, pp. 39-50.
Number of views: 301      Download in PDF


15.
2015.01.015. Khlynina T.P. Condition and Organization of Everyday Life in the Military Units of the Southwestern, Stalingrad and Don fronts (1942–1943) // Voennyi Sbornik, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 40-47. Code http://ejournal6.com/journals_n/1426082376.pdf

Abstract:
The article is devoted to various aspects of the condition and organization of the everyday life of military units of the Southwestern, Stalingrad and Don fronts in 1942–1943 years. The looks of the questions of food and clothing supplies, ensure domestic needs and recreation. At the base of the article are documents of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, recorded memories participants in the events of that time, published sources.

Keywords:
Great Patriotic War; Southwestern Front; Stalingrad Front; Don Front; normalized everyday life; leisuree.

Literature Quotes:
Khlynina T.P. Condition and Organization of Everyday Life in the Military Units of the Southwestern, Stalingrad and Don fronts (1942–1943) // Voennyi Sbornik, 2015, Vol.(7), Is. 1, pp. 40-47.
Number of views: 300      Download in PDF


16.
2015.01.016. Tamarashvii T., Burdiashvili M. Gremi as the Best Resource for Development of Cultural-Cognitive Tourism in Kakheti // Tourism Education Studies and Practice, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 38-44. Code http://ejournal10.com/journals_n/1429884221.pdf

Abstract:
Kakheti is the oldest historical region in eastern Georgia. The monuments of cultural heritage in the region provide an excellent ground for the development not only cultural-cognitive tours but also for development of religious tours-pilgrimage tours. The Gremi complex is distinguished in this aspect. It possesses all the potential for conducting pilgrimage, archeological, cultural-cognitive tours.

Keywords:
Kakheti; cruciform domed church; Gremi; Cultural tourism; prospects.

Literature Quotes:
Tamarashvii T., Burdiashvili M. Gremi as the Best Resource for Development of Cultural-Cognitive Tourism in Kakheti // Tourism Education Studies and Practice, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 38-44.
Number of views: 266      Download in PDF


17.
2015.01.017. Amanzholova D.A. From the History of Interaction of Provisional Siberian Government and Alash-Orda // Russkaya Starina, 2015, Vol.(13), Is. 1, pp. 5-18. Code http:// ejournal15. com /journals_n/1426787074.pdf

Abstract:
The paper highlights the main trends and analyzes the problems of interaction autonomist forces – Siberian oblastnichestvo and the Kazakh Alash movement – during their political organization and confrontation of participants of the Civil War in large neighboring regions. This allows to identify some of the important aspects of testing different projects federalization of Russia in the transition from the imperial to Soviet state.

Keywords:
autonomism; Provisional Siberian government; Alash-Orda; revolution; civil war; regionalism; the national question.

Literature Quotes:
Amanzholova D.A. From the History of Interaction of Provisional Siberian Government and Alash-Orda // Russkaya Starina, 2015, Vol.(13), Is. 1, pp. 5-18.
Number of views: 273      Download in PDF


18.
2015.01.018. Morozova O.M. Mugan Region in 1918–1919 // Russkaya Starina, 2015, Vol.(13), Is. 1, pp. 46-61. Code http://ejournal15.com/journals_n/1426787336.pdf

Abstract:
The reconstruction of the events of 1918-1919 in the historical region of Transcaucasia – Mugan – based Soviet memories of the 1920–1930-ies and the memoirs of immigrant A. Dobrynin. Among them: political face successive government institutions, portraits active participants of the event T. Otradnev, B. Hoshev, Colonel Ilyashevich, A. Kropotov, circumstances of the death of I. Kolimeitsev; value of denominational differences in the positions of groups of population (Sunni, Shia, Old Believers, «Subbotniki»).

Keywords:
Mugan region; 1918–1919; Lankaran commune; peasant-settlers; Turks; Shahsevan; T. Otradnev; B. Hoshev; Colonel Ilyashevic; A. Kropoto; I. Kolimeitsev.

Literature Quotes:
Morozova O.M. Mugan Region in 1918–1919 // Russkaya Starina, 2015, Vol.(13), Is. 1, pp. 46-61.
Number of views: 246      Download in PDF


19.
2015.01.019. Kuznetsova I.A. The Role of Biographical Stories in the Ethnographic Research: The Case of Interview with Fedora Kravchenko // Russkii Arkhiv, 2015, Vol. (7), Is. 1, pp. 47-52. Code http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1429110155.pdf

Abstract:
The interview with Fedora Kravchenko, born in the Uspensky District of the Krasnodarsky Kray, actualizes the issue of the research potential of biographical materials collected in ethnographic expeditions. The gap between individual stories and generalized facts is discussed. The peculiarities of youth relationships and marital strategies in the Kuban region in the pre-war period are characterized.

Keywords:
ethnographic interview; individual stories; family; wedding; sung couplets; Krasnodarsky Kray; 1920–1930s.

Literature Quotes:
Kuznetsova I.A. The Role of Biographical Stories in the Ethnographic Research: The Case of Interview with Fedora Kravchenko // Russkii Arkhiv, 2015, Vol. (7), Is. 1, pp. 47-52.
Number of views: 263      Download in PDF


20.
2015.01.020. Osadchij E.M. The Fortress of Belopol’e city in XVII–XVIII centuries // Gardarika, 2015, Vol. (2), Is. 1. pp. 18-25. Code http://ejournal26.com/journals_n/1429563190.pdf

Abstract:
Osadchiy Eugene. The fortress of Belopol’e city in 17th – 18th centuries. The fortress of Belopol’e was in the steppe corridor. That is what caused the defensive character of the settlement. It arose at the confluence of the rivers Kryga and Vir. Since the end of the 11th century, in this place there is the chronicle city Vir. It mentioned in the chronicles in connection with internecine wars the middle of the 12th century. In the middle of the 13th century the city was destroyed by the Mongols and the region comes into disrepair. From the middle of 17th century on the place of the old fortifications Vir Cossack built the town Kryga. In 1672 Cossack settlers built a new fortress. This fortress existed until the end of the 18th century.

Keywords:
fortress; Belopol’e city; town Kryga; 17th –18th centuries.

Literature Quotes:
Osadchij E.M. The Fortress of Belopol’e city in XVII–XVIII centuries // Gardarika, 2015, Vol. (2), Is. 1. pp. 18-25.
Number of views: 255      Download in PDF


21.
2015.01.021. Mayor R. The Populist Movement in Transcarpathia in 1860-1918: Genesis, Development and Ideological Background // Rusin, 2015, Vol. (39), Is. 1. pp. 132-150. Code http://journals.tsu.ru/rusin/en/&journal_page=archive&id=1109&article_id=23033

Abstract:
This article examines the main causes of the emergence, development, ideology and institutional development in the Carpathian region of the populist movement in the late nineteenth - early twentieth century. According to the author, it was the populists, who determined new ideological orientations of the national movement in Transcarpathia, giving it its own Ukrainian content. Their ideological concept was based on the postulate of existence of the independent Ukrainian people and Ukrainian language. Cultural and educational activities of populists were analysed. The author concludes that they played a crucial role in the transfer of the elements of national identity, formed earlier in the Dnieper Ukraine, GaLicia and Bukovyna, on the territory of Transcarpathia.

Keywords:
Transcarpathia; Genesis, Development and Ideological Background; 1860-1918.

Literature Quotes:
Mayor R. The Populist Movement in Transcarpathia in 1860-1918: Genesis, Development and Ideological Background // Rusin, 2015, Vol. (39), Is. 1. pp. 132-150
Number of views: 283      Download in PDF


22.
2015.01.022. Kudinov D.V. Аnti-statists and Ukrainian peasantry in 1900s: the historiography of the issue // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 20-28. Code http://shaj.sumdu. edu.ua/data/24_2015/2-Kudinov.pdf

Abstract:
The article is focused on the survey of the interaction between anarchist organizations and Ukrainian peasantry performed by Soviet, Ukrainian and Russian historians. In this respect, two historiographic tendencies are distinguished: Soviet, with adverse orientation on program targets and tactics of anti-statists (the quotes of V.Lenin and J.Stalin are cited as an examples which soviet authors were looked about) and contemporary, which is based on reasonable understanding of anarchists’ views on reaching communist society via revolutionary way, annihilation of state and its institutions, securing of human freedom and affordability of material and cultural wealth (short visions of the future society arrangement made by famous anarchist theorists, such as M. Bakunin and P. Kropotkin, are provided). The emphasis is made on the description by historians of anarchists’ activity in Chernigov, Podolia, Poltava, Ekaterinoslav and Kherson Governorates. Particularly, actual instances of the agitation beginning amongst peasants by the members of Nizhyn group of anti-statists, creation by them of a range of federations for involvement of rural dwellers, organization in the countryside of meetings and assaults on representatives of czarist administration, landlords and capitalists are revealed. Major attention is paid to the description of the “Poor Peasants Union” activity in Huliaipole in 1906-1908, which future leader of The Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine Nestor Makhno had art and part in. The author proves that this particular chapter of anarchists’ history is the most high-lighted in historical literature out of the whole complex of data concerning the anti-statists’ performance in rural area.

Keywords:
historiography, anarchism, anarchists, anarcho-communsts, anti-statists, unmotivated terror, “Poor Peasant Union” (“Soyuz bednyh hleborobov”), Nestor Makhno.

Literature Quotes:
Kudinov D.V. Аnti-statists and Ukrainian peasantry in 1900s: the historiography of the issue // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 20-28.
Number of views: 268      Download in PDF


23.
2015.01.023. Zariczniak L. Friends, family and kinshipties in the Ukrainian Insurgent Army // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 62-68. Code http://shaj.sumdu.edu. ua/data/24_2015/2-Kudinov.pdf

Abstract:
Family ties and influence have been argued as very influential in creating a nationally conscious western Ukrainian generation who then joined the UPA during the Second World War. However, these kinship ties have not been analyzed. This article looks at the way in which familial relationships created the opportunity for western Ukrainians to join the UPA and their experiences with family members during their time in the insurgency. It also examines the danger that many family members were placed in because of a family member’s decision to join the fight against the Germans and Soviets.

Keywords:
Ukrainian Insurgent Army, Second World War, kinship study, family bonds, friends, relationships, Soviet Union.

Literature Quotes:
Zariczniak L. Friends, family and kinshipties in the Ukrainian Insurgent Army // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 62-68.
Number of views: 265      Download in PDF


24.
2015.01.024. Popoveniuc B. Spiritual Intelligence and Artifactualness // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 59-74. Code http://www.ejst.tuiasi.ro /Files/50/6_Popoveniuc.pdf

Abstract:
One of the most underestimated aspects of human intelligence is its creative component. The complexity of cognitive system reaches a point where the trial and error conduct is unsatisfactory. The human level of intelligence achieved a superior level of (self-) awareness. The self-reflective loop produced by decision-makings converts to self-reflexivity as soon as two conditions are met: certain level of self-awareness and one‟s recognition in „the other‟. The achieved self-reflexive stance and act upgrade the process of knowledge from the order of discovery and arbitrary invention to the order of creation and self-creation. The self-created identity and self-supporting knowledge are the minimal conditions for the emergence of the spiritual transcendence sense and the self-creative character of this spiritual understanding requires creativity as prerequisite. Herein lays one of the most essential queries for artificial intelligence design with the consequent essential questions: The self-creation spiral of future collective consciousness includes artificial intelligence as a means or as fundamental element?

Keywords:
Turing test, creativity, self-creation, technological singularity, religiosity.

Literature Quotes:
Popoveniuc B. Spiritual Intelligence and Artifactualness // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 59-74.
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25.
2015.01.025. Khusainov Z.A., Gaisin R.I., Farkhullin R.S., Gilemkhanov I.R., Mudarisov R.G. Historical aspects and ecological knowledge of the old tatar nation in formation of ecological culture of the young generation // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 195-207. Code http://www.ejst.tuiasi.ro/Files/50/18_Khusainov%20et%20al.pdf

Abstract:
Tatar nation has passed a long way in its development. Old Tatar nation had ecological wisdom and feeling of unity with nature. They strictly observed the period of hunting, did not kill pregnant jennies and got the fowl as much as necessary to satisfy real needs. A cognitive process of environment constantly develops and deepens. The experience of previous nations serves for further understanding of native land and environment, joining on this basis with values of nature and upbringing of the young generation.

Keywords:
history, ecology, culture, upbringing, schoolchildren.

Literature Quotes:
Khusainov Z.A., Gaisin R.I., Farkhullin R.S., Gilemkhanov I.R., Mudarisov R.G. Historical aspects and ecological knowledge of the old tatar nation in formation of ecological culture of the young generation // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 195-207.
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26.
Information
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27.
full number
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© 2015, Refereed Journal: History and Archaeology in Countries of Black Sea Basin