History and Archaeology in Countries of Black Sea Basin

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2 June 23, 2015


1.
2015.02.026. Medvedev V.G., Fedorova A.N., Rumjantsev P.A. The Legal Regulation of Artisan and Trade Corporations in the Cities of Medieval Europe // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 219-228. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1433509601.pdf

Abstract:
This article features an analysis of the legal regulation of the formation and activity of artisan and trade corporations in the cities of medieval Europe. Based on the findings of an analysis of existing scientific theories, as well as a study of legal and regulatory acts, the author aims to explore the issue of the emergence of cities and workshop organizations in them and reveal their legal essence and content. The relevance of this paper is due to the fact that up until now a sufficiently definitive opinion is yet to be propounded in historical and historical/legal science as to the origin and development of such specific urban institutions as workshops and workshop corporations, with their special legal regulation. The author comes to the conclusion that the formation of cities and workshop organizations reflected the evolution of the economic and social development of medieval society, which was associated with social division of labor. The paper‘s major focus is not on the statutory regulation of the work of masters and not on the regulation of workshop craft methods, which can be explained quite logically by the economic need for adapting medieval artisan production to the limited needs and capacity of the local market, and which is the subject of study for the majority of present-day scholars, but issues related to the very organization of the workshop, its position in the system of urban establishments, as well as the legal status of its members.

Keywords:
law, urban law, workshop, city hall, craft, trade, workshop charter

Literature Quotes:
Medvedev V.G., Fedorova A.N., Rumjantsev P.A. The Legal Regulation of Artisan and Trade Corporations in the Cities of Medieval Europe // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 219-228.
Number of views: 256      Download in PDF


2.
2015.02.027. Degtyarev S.I. Bessarabian Functionaries in the Epistolary Legacy of Ivan Sergeyevich Aksakov // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 254-259. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/ journals_n/1433509759.pdf

Abstract:
This paper explores the attitude of the famous Russian poet and political writer Ivan Sergeyevich Aksakov towards various representatives of the bureaucratic apparatus of the Russian Empire. The major sources used in this study are Aksakov‘s letters to his loved ones written on the cusp of 1848-1849. At the time he was in Bessarabia Oblast and was taking care of a secret government assignment – he was studying the state of the schism in the region. While there, Aksakov often met with local functionaries, many of whom he formed a personal opinion of. As a result, a conclusion was made that in socializing with representatives of the bodies of authority and governance he would, most often, limit himself to just assessing the personal qualities of the functionaries. The imperial bureaucratic system per se was rarely the object of I.S. Aksakov‘s criticism. The reason behind this was that him self Aksakov was a functionary, so he felt he belonged to the state governance mechanism. Therefore, he could not allow himself to direct sharp criticism at the Russian Empire‘s bureaucratic system.

Keywords:
Bessarabia, Bessarabia region (oblast), the Russian Empire, I.S. Aksakov, officialdom, ХІХ century.

Literature Quotes:
Degtyarev S.I. Bessarabian Functionaries in the Epistolary Legacy of Ivan Sergeyevich Aksakov // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 254-259.
Number of views: 253      Download in PDF


3.
2015.02.028. Cherkasov A.A., Menkovsky V.I., Smigel M., Molchanova V.S. Ethno-Demographic Processes in the North-East Black Sea Area in the 19th – Early 21 th Centuries (through the Example of Greater Sochi) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 276-281. Code http://bg.sutr.ru /journals_n/1433509862.pdf

Abstract:
This article examines ethno-demographic processes in the north-east Black Sea area, more specifically the territory of Greater Sochi, in the 19th – early 21th centuries. In writing the article, the authors have relied on archive materials from the archives department of the administration of the city of Novorossiysk and the archives department of the administration of the city of Sochi. The authors have consulted reference pre-revolution literature, Soviet-era and present-day population censuses, as well as the findings of present-day research studies. The methodological basis of this study are the principles of historicism, objectivity, and systemicity, which helps to get an insight into the general patterns and regional peculiarities in the demographic development of the major ethnicities in the north-east Black Sea area in the 19th-20th centuries. The authors touch upon the process of colonization of the territory and its ethnic composition. In the end, the authors come to the conclusion that the ethno-demographic picture of Greater Sochi had been forming in a complicated fashion. As a consequence, in the second half of the 19th century, following the Caucasian War, the territory had to be repopulated. Resettlement flows from different locations in the Russian Empire and overseas had formed by 1917 an ethno-picture that featured Russians and Armenians as two principal ethnicities. The authors note that this picture has not changed in a major way to this day.

Keywords:
ethno-demographic processes; Greater Sochi; Black Sea area mountaineers; colonization

Literature Quotes:
Cherkasov A.A., Menkovsky V.I., Smigel M., Molchanova V.S. Ethno-Demographic Processes in the North-East Black Sea Area in the 19th – Early 21 th Centuries (through the Example of Greater Sochi) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 276-281.
Number of views: 258      Download in PDF


4.
2015.02.029. Mitiukov N.W. New-York “Water Buses” – The Intrépida and Mensajera Gunboats // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 303-308. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1433509999.pdf

Abstract:
In 1895, with the beginning of Cuban insurgence, the Spanish acquired a series of civil vessels and powerboats in the US. Unfortunately, in the Spanish literature there has been relatively little mention of the fate of these numerous units before the purchase and after the end of the Spanish-American War of 1898. Based on the findings of the author‘s analysis of data from Spanish and American print media, the author puts forth a supposition that the New-York ―water buses‖ Shrewsbury and Navesink sold by the US in 1895 would turn into the Spanish gunboats Intrépida and Mensajera. It is likely that during the deal process they could have temporary names, General Laborde and General Tacón. Both powerboats were actively used in blockade operations against the insurgents in 1896–97, and after the Spanish-American War they were dropped from the Spanish fleet. That said, Intrépida became one of the first ships within the naval fleet of the young Cuban republic led by Antonio Maceo. Based on the findings of an analysis of data from naval handbooks, the author puts forth a supposition that this ship might have been not Intrépida but the oneclass ship Mensajera.

Keywords:
Spain, history, naval policy, Cuba, insurgence, Spanish-American War

Literature Quotes:
Mitiukov N.W. New-York “Water Buses” – The Intrépida and Mensajera Gunboats // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 303-308.
Number of views: 248      Download in PDF


5.
2015.02.030. Taran K.V. Revisiting the Issue of Far-Left Political Parties in 1907–1909 (through the Example of Black Sea Governorate) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 347-358. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1433510168.pdf

Abstract:
This article discusses the activity of far-left organizations across Black Sea Governorate in 1907–1909. During this period, the bodies of internal affairs detected in the region a subversive activity of SR Maximalists, Communist Anarchists, and other terrorist groups. The activity of these destructive forces would come down to the physical liquidation of government officials, representatives of right parties, as well as extortion of money from merchants. The author comes to the conclusion that in Novorossiysk the two-year period following the end of the First Russian Revolution saw the party organizations of Social Democrats, Socialist Revolutionaries, Maximalists, Anarchists, etc., to virtually degrade and take on forms of organized criminal groups.

Keywords:
First Russian Revolution, SRs, Anarchists, Black Sea Governorate

Literature Quotes:
Taran K.V. Revisiting the Issue of Far-Left Political Parties in 1907–1909 (through the Example of Black Sea Governorate) // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 347-358.
Number of views: 426      Download in PDF


6.
2015.02.031. Shestak O.I. Policy in the Area of Wages and Its Implementation in the Far East in the 1930s as a Mechanism for the Formation of Social Hierarchy // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 403-412. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/journals_n/1433510388.pdf

Abstract:
This article, based on documents from state archives, examines Soviet policy in the area of wages through the example of the Far East. The author comes to the conclusion that the wages policy implemented in the USSR in the 1930s was a key mechanism in the formation of a hierarchical social production-type establishment. It would determine the prestige of professions and the functionality of spheres of work activity and underscored the commanding positioning of social groups, thereby setting and ensuring all key criteria for constructing a system of social inequality, on the one hand, and fixing the population to remote and scarcely populated territories, on the other.

Keywords:
Far East, wages, social hierarchy, social structure, social layers, policy of wages

Literature Quotes:
Shestak O.I. Policy in the Area of Wages and Its Implementation in the Far East in the 1930s as a Mechanism for the Formation of Social Hierarchy // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 403-412.
Number of views: 238      Download in PDF


7.
2015.02.032. Sulyak S.G. Genocide of the Rusins in Austro-Hungary during WWI. A Short Review of the Question // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 359-365. Code http://bg.sutr.ru/ journals _n/1433510199.pdf

Abstract:
Bringing to the forefront the theme of the genocide of the Rusin (Russian) population of Galicia and Bukovina during WWI in the research and work at the beginning of the 1920's to the beginning of the 21th c. is the question analyzed in the article. The given theme was actively opened in the 1920's and 1930's when Galicia was part of Poland, Subcarpathia part of Czechoslovakia and Bukovina part of Rumania. During Soviet times the theme became "taboo". Current Ukrainian historiography places more attention on creating myth about the supposed oppression of the Ukrainians in Galicia, Bukovina and also in Little Russia by the Russian authorities. The theme of the Rusin (Russian) movement in Galician and Bukovina, the massive repression of the Rusin (Russian) population by the Austro-Hungarian authorities is absent in current textbooks of history in Russia. The material presented compares approaches given by researchers who have various political views.

Keywords:
WWI, Genocide, Thalerhof, Repressions, Austro-Hungary, Concentration camp

Literature Quotes:
Sulyak S.G. Genocide of the Rusins in Austro-Hungary during WWI. A Short Review of the Question // Bylye Gody. 2015. № 2 (36). pp. 359-365.
Number of views: 248      Download in PDF


8.
2015.02.033. Serikov Y. Prehistoric Art of Urals (Stone Age) // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №1. pp. 137-151. Code https://www.e-anthropology.com/Katalog /Arheologia /STM_DWL_nGYD_ hs58qfa8GJNN.aspx

Abstract:
The paper presents an overview of the Stone Age art objects discovered in the Ural Mountains. The oldest evidence of artistic activity in the region is dated to 33-35 kya. During the Stone Age, from the Upper Palaeolithic through Neolithic, the cult practice was associeted with cave and rock painting. The best known site with Upper Palaeolithic parietal art is Kapova Cave. In addition, Palaeolithic paintings were discovered in a number of caves on the Sim river, such as Ignatievskaya, Serpievskaya 2, and, presumably, Kiselevskaya. In addition, the sites of this period have yielded stone, bone, wooden and clay figurines, including small flint and pebble sculptures. Many tools, and first of all weapons, were decorated with engravings.

Keywords:
Urals, Stone Age, Painting, Sculpture, Ornaments, Engravings

Literature Quotes:
Serikov Y. Prehistoric Art of Urals (Stone Age) // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №1. pp. 137-151.
Number of views: 257      Download in PDF


9.
2015.02.034. Smirnov A. “Looted” Dolmens of the Caucasus and the Bilocal Funerary Rite // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №2. pp. 111-118. Code https://www.e-anthropology.com/Katalog/Arheologia/STM_DWL_ B1F5_ JYtje2zzgOaI.aspx

Abstract:
The bulk of the Caucasian dolmens are empty by now without any burial contents survived inside them. As a consequence, the funerary ideology of these numerous sites still remains unclear. Traditionally among the scholars, these dolmens are perceived as collective tombs afterwards looted. Though that is without any evidence for the benefit of it because nobody studied the case of their robbery specifically as the archaeological phenomenon. Now the topic is put forward as the actual one because the conclusion were dolmens looted or not would strongly influence the choice of appropriate funerary ideology for the sites. The critical analysis gives us possibility to give up the idea of robbery as the reason for their emptiness. Instead, I develop here the concept based on the comparative study of the repertoire of engravings on Caucasian dolmens and megalithic tombs of Old Europe. Emptiness of dolmens I explain introducing here the concept of the bilocal funerary rite, i. e. the rite with two loci of interments – instead of habitual one - successively replaced, where the first in time is thus of temporary use. When the human remains are shifted into the second locus the first one becomes empty, identified afterwards wrongly by scholars as looted.

Keywords:
Caucasus, Europe, Dolmen, Collective Interments, Temple Structure, Bilocal Funerary Rite, Robbery

Literature Quotes:
Smirnov A. “Looted” Dolmens of the Caucasus and the Bilocal Funerary Rite // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №1. pp. 111-118.
Number of views: 243      Download in PDF


10.
2015.02.035. Videiko M., Chapman J., Burdo N., Gaydarska B., Ţerna S., Rud V., Kiosak D. Complex Investigations of Defensive Systems, Production Complexes and Remains of Constructions on the Tripolye Site near the Village of Nebelevka // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №2. pp. 147-170. Code https://www.e-anthropology.com/Katalog /Arheologia/STM_DWL_rhR9_333dvPhQsocX.aspx

Abstract:
In 2014, we continued investigations of the Tripolye BII settlement near the village of Nebelevka. According to the geomagnetic plot, its area is about 260 ha. The excavations checked three types of archaeological complexes from the geomagnetic plan: traces of ditches enclosing the settlement; “dot-like” anomalies which as it was supposed belonged to pottery kilns; “shadow-like” anomalies from the contours of possible unburnt constructions. There is a reason to consider ditch traces as remains of a palisade more than 4 km long, surrounding the ancient settlement. It is the first known find of such large-scale fortifications in Tripolye culture. In one place we explored the remains of a pottery kiln with three channels. Near it, there was a large pit in which we found numerous fragments of anthropomorphic statuettes. “Shadow-like” anomalies belonged to remains of buildings containing burnt clay installations, a small amount of baked plaster and numerous broken vessels. Given the fact that remains of typical burned buildings, a ‘mega-structure’ and various pits were excavated in previous seasons, today we have data on most types of objects identified on the territory of the settlement through a magnetic survey.

Keywords:
Tripolye Culture, Large Sites, Palisade, Pottery Kiln, Pits, Houses

Literature Quotes:
Videiko M., Chapman J., Burdo N., Gaydarska B., Ţerna S., Rud V., Kiosak D. Complex Investigations of Defensive Systems, Production Complexes and Remains of Constructions on the Tripolye Site near the Village of Nebelevka // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №2. pp. 147-170.
Number of views: 246      Download in PDF


11.
2015.02.036. Razumov S., Smirnov A., Smirnov L., Karnauh E. Kurgans of the Bronze Age at the village of Tuzly in the Upper Reaches of the Berezan Estuary // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №2. pp. 329-357. Code https://www.e-anthropology.com /Katalog /Arheologia/STM_DWL_EWsg_HB37Z3DQX2va.aspx

Abstract:
The article publishes the results of excavations of two barrows located near Tuzly village, Berezan district, Nikolaev region. The mounds hid burials of different cultural and historical horizons of the Bronze Age: Yamnaya, Catacomb and Babino cultural-historical communities. Yamnaya culture complexes of the South Bug variant containing seven anthropomorphic stelae, amphora with plastic “horns” and a silver pendant are of particular interest. Late Bronze Age burials with handmade vessel, two bone buckles and an arrowhead complement a series of similar complexes of the Dnieper-Prut Babino culture. The article has three annexes: analysis of the anthropological and archaeozoological materials and spectral analysis of the metal.

Keywords:
North Black Sea Littoral, Bronze Age, III - First Half Of II Millenia BC, Barrows, Funerary Practice.

Literature Quotes:
Razumov S., Smirnov A., Smirnov L., Karnauh E. Kurgans of the Bronze Age at the village of Tuzly in the Upper Reaches of the Berezan Estuary // Stratum Plus: Archaeology And Cultural Anthropology. 2015. №2. pp. 329-357.
Number of views: 395      Download in PDF


12.
2015.02.037. Degtyarev S.I. Topical issues of the history of civil officialdom in Ukraine at the end of the eighteenth – the first half of the nineteenth centuries // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 35-42. Code http://shaj.sumdu.edu.ua/data/24_2015/4-Degtyarev.pdf

Abstract:
The author emphasizes the importance of the historical research of the civil officialdom in the Ukrainian lands during the period of the Russian Empire. The range of the most underinvestigated aspects of this subject has been specified: social structure of Ukrainian officialdom; the process of Ukrainian service elite’s joining into the bureaucracy of the Russian Empire in the end of the eighteenth century; education level of the state officials in the Ukrainian lands; types of violations and abuses and their reasons; officials’ encouragement system. The conclusion is made that during the second half of the eighteenth century – first half of the nineteenth century Ukrainian civil se rvants managed to save a number of specific features of sociocultural nature which distinguished them against the general background of the Russian Empire bureaucracy.

Keywords:
Ukraine, Russian Empire, Table of Ranks, civil officials, bureaucracy, state service, social origin, education, violations and abuses

Literature Quotes:
Degtyarev S.I. Topical issues of the history of civil officialdom in Ukraine at the end of the eighteenth – the first half of the nineteenth centuries // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 35-42.
Number of views: 246      Download in PDF


13.
2015.02.038. Derevinskyi V.F. Archiv alsources about V. Chornovil that are stored in the central state archive of public organizations of Ukraine // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 29-34. Code http://shaj.sumdu.edu.ua/data/24_2015/3-Derevinskyi.pdf

Abstract:
In this article an made overview of source base study of one of the famous Ukrainian public and political and state figures of the twentieth century Vyacheslav Chornovil. Understand historical reality, historical figure or historical processes not possibly, as known, without the study of information, that contain sources – realities of human activity. In this context, top priority for researchers is study the materials stored in the funds of archives. The study of archival documents is essential to study such a not ordinary personality in Ukrainian history as V. Chornovil. Therefore in this article examines which information about V. Chornovil can be in the funds of the Central Archives of Public Organizations of Ukraine (TSDAHO of Ukraine). Sources revealed in TSDAHO of Ukraine contain a significant and diverse information. They cover different periods of his life and areas of activity. In them there is information about his parents, tuition, work in the media, public-political activity, and also features of investigative and judicial actions above it in the late 1960s and early 1970s. This large complex source material still awaits a thorough scientific study.

Keywords:
V. Chornovil, Central Archives of Public Organizations of Ukraine, TSDAHO of Ukraine, archive, documents, materials

Literature Quotes:
Derevinskyi V.F. Archiv alsources about V. Chornovil that are stored in the central state archive of public organizations of Ukraine // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 29-34.
Number of views: 260      Download in PDF


14.
2015.02.039. Khrypunov G.S., Khrypunova A.L. Historical background and analysis of photovoltaics in the 50-ies of XX centyry // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 75-81. Code http://shaj.sumdu.edu.ua/data/24_2015/9-Khripunovs.pdf

Abstract:
This article presents the historical reconstruction of events that led to intensive development of photovoltaics in the 50-ies years of the twentieth century. Experimental and theoretical research in the field of photovoltaic cells to 50-ies years of the twentieth century were analyzed. The role of Edmund Becquerel, Willoughby Smith, William Adams, Richard Day, Charles Frittz, Albert Einstein in the development of physical principles of photovoltaic cells was determined. It was shown that up to 50 years of the twentieth century the development Photovoltaics had a significant impact on the industry as the effectiveness of existing at the time of photovoltaic cells not allow them to compete with electric generators. The objective conditions of photovoltaics were advances in the development of silicon transistors, the industry needs to create autonomous energy sources and a broad interdisciplinary cooperation in scientific research. Perseverance, hard work, courage and unselfish sscientific mutual prominent researchers Kevin Fuller, Gerald Pearson and Daryl Chapin are subjective conditions of rapid development photovoltaic. These scientists have withstood the attacks of competitors, disbelief own leadership through effective marketing and development to ensure its implementation and further development of the industry. They developed of the new physical approaches to optimize structural and technological solutions of the efficient photovoltaic cells on the silicon base. Objective and subjective preconditions led to a significant increase in the efficiency of photovoltaic cells on the silicon base compared with existing industrial analogues on the selenium base. It is possible to use photovoltaic cells as energy spacecraft and organize industrial production. Organization of stimulated further improve the efficiency of photovoltaic cells and the search for new fields of application.

Keywords:
objective and subjective prerequisites, research, photovoltaic cells on silicon base

Literature Quotes:
Khrypunov G.S., Khrypunova A.L. Historical background and analysis of photovoltaics in the 50-ies of XX centyry // Sumy Historical and Archival Journal, 2015, XХІV. pp. 75-81.
Number of views: 253      Download in PDF


15.
2015.02.040. Prokop T. Administrator and Military Officer Peter Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky // Rusin, 2015, Vol. (39), Is. 1. pp. 69-82. Code http://journals.tsu.ru/rusin/en/ &journal_page =archive&id=1109&article_id=23029

Abstract:
Peter Rumyantsev was not only a talented military officer, but also very skillful administrator. Under his command the army of the Russian Empire achieved a victory in the Russian-Turkish war (1768-1774), which changed the history of Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Moldova and most of the Balkan countries. Using Rumyantsev as a tool for achieving her objectives, the Empress Catherine II was able to set control on the big part of Ukrainian territory and to integrate its administrative system to Russian system.

Keywords:
Catherine II, Russian-Turkish war, Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky

Literature Quotes:
Prokop T. Administrator and Military Officer Peter Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky // Rusin, 2015, Vol. (39), Is. 1. pp. 69-82.
Number of views: 382      Download in PDF


16.
2015.02.041. Gordiychuk S. Labor expulsion an important means of sovietization transcarpathian Ukraine (1944-1946) // Rusin, 2015, Vol. (39), Is. 1. pp. 203-213. Code http://journals.tsu.ru /rusin/en/&journal_page=archive&id=1109&article_id=23037

Abstract:
The article deals with the repression of the Soviet totalitarian regime directed against ethnic minorities in the Carpathian Ukraine 1944-1946. The work is based on the basis of archival materials Archive Security Service of Ukraine, which contain conflicting data about condemnation, labor deportations of ethnic minorities. The author focuses on the problem of rehabilitation of convicted ethnically Soviet investigative authorities. In this paper, opened the illegal actions of the investigating authorities, such as provocation, retraining their crimes heavier to increase sentences.

Keywords:
labor deportation, germans, hungarians, jews, Soviet investigative authorities, rehabilitation, repression.

Literature Quotes:
Gordiychuk S. Labor expulsion an important means of sovietization transcarpathian Ukraine (1944-1946) // Rusin, 2015, Vol. (39), Is. 1. pp. 203-213.
Number of views: 256      Download in PDF


17.
2015.02.042. Gafincu A. Some thoughts on settlement patterns. Late Bronze Age habitat in the Șomuzul Mare basin // Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica. 2015. № XXI (1). pp. 9-24. Code http://saa.uaic.ro/articles/SAA.21.1.2015.09-24.pdf

Abstract:
The study aims to examine the prehistoric landscape in order to identify settlement patterns and relations between contemporary sites. In the Șomuzul Mare basin, Northeastern Romania, the local topography, resources and climate compelled its prehistoric occupants to adapt for a better exploitation of resources and protection. The archaeological database includes 30 archaeological sites dated to the Late Bronze Age discovered in the study area. GIS software was employed in order to gather information about the topographic and climatic characteristics of the areas where prehistoric sites were established. Slope, solar exposure, wind shelter and density maps, as well as the distances to the closest water source were used to identify settlement patterns.

Keywords:
Noua culture, Eastern Romania, landscape archaeology, GIS, settlement patterns

Literature Quotes:
Gafincu A. Some thoughts on settlement patterns. Late Bronze Age habitat in the Șomuzul Mare basin // Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica. 2015. № 21(1). pp. 9-24.
Number of views: 246      Download in PDF


18.
2015.02.043. Dumitrache L. Ancient literary sources concerning fishing and fish processing in the Black Sea region // Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica. 2015. № XXI (1). pp. 69-77. Code http://saa.uaic.ro/articles/SAA.21.1.2015.69-77.pdf

Abstract:
This article proposes a revision of the ancient literary sources concerning the conservation of fish stocks in the Black Sea region in Greek and Roman classical antiquity. The abundance and the chronological variety of the sources indicate, on the one hand, that these economic activities have always been part of people's lives, and on the other hand the quality of Pontic fish products, known from Britannia to Egypt . It seeks, in addition to spatial and chronological approach, the types of sources that are subject to submission, taking into account the category of recipients to whom they were addressed and the purpose for which they were written, in order to verify their typicality and credibility.

Keywords:
Black Sea region, Antiquity, literary sources, fishing, fish processing.

Literature Quotes:
Dumitrache L. Ancient literary sources concerning fishing and fish processing in the Black Sea region // Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica. 2015. № XXI (1). pp. 69-77.
Number of views: 250      Download in PDF


19.
2015.02.044. Pricop L. Life expectancy and age structure of the male population in Noricum. Comparative approach // Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica. 2015. № XXI (1). pp. 51-67. Code http://saa.uaic.ro/articles/SAA.21.1.2015.51-67.pdf

Abstract:
This study deals with the statistic results acquired for life expectancy of the male population in Noricum. They were compared with the data from other Danubian provinces (Pannonia Superior, Pannonia Inferior, Dacia, Moesia Superior, Moesia Inferior) and from Roman Egypt. We stopped on the age-rounding process, analysing the rapport between rounded ages and unrounded ages at the level of the entire male sample. For an insight of the male population we compared the age structure values from all the Danubian province on three age categories, in terms of numbers and percentage.

Keywords:
life expectancy, age structure, male population, Noricum, rounded ages, unrounded ages

Literature Quotes:
Pricop L. Life expectancy and age structure of the male population in Noricum. Comparative approach // Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica. 2015. № XXI (1). pp. 51-67.
Number of views: 250      Download in PDF


20.
2015.02.045. Górecka K., Skłodowski V., Pawłowski P., Szpor J. New materials and methods used in the conservation of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting ‘Adoration of the Magi’ from the Saint-Aubain Cathedral church in Namur // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 45-53. Code http://www.ejst.tuiasi.ro/Files/51/6_Gorecka%20et%20al.pdf

Abstract:
Paper discusses a concept and conservation methodology of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting ‘Adoration of the Magi’ from the Saint–Aubain Cathedral church in Namur (Belgium). Atypical form of the painting bowed in the horizontal plane, adapted to the apse wall and its very large size (3.70 x 4.50 m) required using some innovative technologies and materials. The basic premise of the conservation process was a detailed analysis of the canvas shape and its preservation on each step of the conservation works. The concept required construction of two curved platforms: concave and convex. The new system of the canvas overturning was also designed. An innovative method of strengthening of the canvas during lining process in vertical direction by using Kevlar fibres was applied. Required strengthening and modification of the stretching frame is also discussed.

Keywords:
curvilinear, large-size, lining, stretching, Kevlar fibres

Literature Quotes:
Górecka K., Skłodowski V., Pawłowski P., Szpor J. New materials and methods used in the conservation of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting ‘Adoration of the Magi’ from the Saint-Aubain Cathedral church in Namur // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 45-53.
Number of views: 259      Download in PDF


21.
2015.02.046. Ainhoa Rodríguez López, Fernando Bazeta Gobantes, Narayan Khandekar // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 107-118. Code http://www.ejst.tuiasi.ro/Files/51/12_Rodriguez%20et%20al.pdf

Abstract:
The megalithic burial monuments are the physical evidence of the social, economical and religious evolution in the Neolithic Era. Their presence all over Europe reveals their significance. They are usually collective tombs and are always located in natural sites. For many years, particularly since the beginning of the 20th century, the megalithic heritage of the Basque Country, a region of Northern Spain bordering with the South of France, has been subjected to agricultural use, intensive reforestation and other changes that have resulted in various damage and even losses of megaliths. At present a systematic protocol is required to diagnose their condition and set effective intervention processes. The operational goals are the attainment of their legibility, perceptual recognition, physical consolidation and balance with the immediate environment. In the Basque Country and particularly in the province of Biscay, the implementation of this protocol aims to properly recover and value this heritage for its maintenance for the future. Over one third of the ca. 100 megaliths registered in Biscay have been restored. The design of new megalithic routes and promotion programmes has been essential for the public access and conservation of these archaeological sites.

Keywords:
conservation, restoration, Bizkaia, megaliths

Literature Quotes:
Ainhoa Rodríguez López, Fernando Bazeta Gobantes, Narayan Khandekar // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 107-118.
Number of views: 242      Download in PDF


22.
2015.02.047. Manganelli Del Fà R., Riminesi C., Tiano P. Monitoring of the surface pattern of artistic and architectural artefacts by means of ultra close range photogrammetry // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 179-187. Code http://www. ejst.tuiasi.ro/Files/51/19_Del%20Fa%20et%20al.pdf

Abstract:
Today 3D technology and new digital instruments allow to represent the features of shape and colour of the objects in three dimensions, and constitute an useful tool for archaeological research, conservation and monitoring of Cultural Heritage assets. The ultra-close range photogrammetry approach, based on the same principles of classical photogrammetry, allows to generate a measurable3D model of small area, or artefacts of small size, by means of digital images. The technique, totally non-invasive, is currently used to assess the state of conservation and monitoring of objects and artefacts directly on-site. In the present work two examples of application of ultra-close range photogrammetry for assessing of state of conservation of surfaces of artistic and architectural interest are illustrated. The first case study regards the evaluation of cleaning treatments performed by chemical method and laser procedure on the detached fresco from the intrados of the Arco della Pesa in Sansepolcro (AR), Italy. The second case study regards the façade of Santa Croce in Lecce made by bioclastic limestone (Pietra di Lecce). In this case the effectiveness of consolidating treatments was controlled on several areas on the facade of Santa Croce in Lecce made by. The portability and the non-destructivity of such methodology (no-contact measurement method), suggest this methodology to be used, during the restoration works, for an easily and effective documentation method of the surface pattern, for control and monitoring of weathering processes of the intervention.

Keywords:
photogrammetry, documentation, surface monitoring, pattern analysis

Literature Quotes:
Manganelli Del Fà R., Riminesi C., Tiano P. Monitoring of the surface pattern of artistic and architectural artefacts by means of ultra close range photogrammetry // European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 179-187.
Number of views: 249      Download in PDF


23.
2015.02.048. Maden Fahri. Janissaries-Bektashism relations and bektashis in the revolts of Janissaries // Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Veli Araştırma Dergisi. 2015. № 73. pp. 173-202. Code http://www.hbvdergisi.gazi.edu.tr/index.php/TKHBVD/article/view/1681 /1403

Abstract:
When and how Janissaries-Bektashism relations started is still a controversial subject. Akhism, a definite effect on the first Ottoman troops known as the Haci Bektas Veli kült, is a fact that has spread among the Janissaries from the foundation of the hearth. Aşıkpaşazâde experiencing witnesses of the period, the idea of Haci Bektas Veli met with the Ottoman rulers, while opposing Janissaries wore a börk. It is advocated that the börk is associated with Bektashism. In this case, the Janissaries-Bektashism relations can be barely said of a significant in the XVI. century. Especially at the end of this century, the Bektashi sheikh and dervishes the Janissary got to keep the camp residents that consist of an unbreakable bond between the two institutions. Indeed, due to the relationship of the Janissaries-Bektashism, Janissary uprisings resulted from time to time in the addition to Bektashis. Although, until the period of Sultan Selim III, Bektashis Janissary uprisings did not have any information that they participated in the event of Alemdar Mustafa Pasha and the Vak’a-i Hayriye, some of the Bektashi sheikh and dervishes are understood to have acted in conjunction with the Janissaries. So much so that, up to the point of riots relations to act together, in 1826, the prohibition of the two institutions led them share the same fate. In this study, the beginnings and development of the Janissaries-Bektashism relations are identified and the attitude of Bektashis in Janissary rebellion is analyzed.

Keywords:
Janissaries, Bektashism, Janissaries-Bektashism Relations, Haci Bektas Veli, Vak’a-i Hayriye

Literature Quotes:
Maden Fahri. Janissaries-Bektashism relations and bektashis in the revolts of Janissaries // Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Veli Araştırma Dergisi. 2015. № 73. pp. 173-202.
Number of views: 247      Download in PDF


24.
2015.02.049. Öztürk Rıdvan. A sample of localisation – the name of Dedigi Sultan “Dedegi~Dedigi” // Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Veli Araştırma Dergisi. 2015. № 74. pp. 119-130. Code http://www.hbvdergisi.gazi.edu.tr/index.php/TKHBVD/article/view/1723/1415

Abstract:
The name of Dedigi Sultan, one of the religious personalities with a dervish lodge erected in his name in the region of Mahmuthisar-Ilgın-Konya, is catching attention. According to the religious anecdotes, Dedigi Sultan is one of the first colonist dervishes connected with Hodja Ahmed Yesevi. He is a contemporary of the well-known Sufi personalities in Anatolia like Hacı Bektash Veli, Mevlana Celalettin Rumi, Amir Sultan, Karaca Ahmet, Seyit Harun Veli and members of the dynasty of Sultan Alaeddin and Kadıncık Ana. The “dedigi” word in the name of Dedigi Sultan, whose real name is considered to be Şeyh Halit (Sheikh Khalid), had been read and pronounced differently by many. Although there are some etymological explanations for the origin of the various reiterations and pronunciations “dediği, didiği, dedegi, dedeki, didi, dede begi, dediyi, dedini” their accuracy are questionable. In the present study, light will be shed whether the word “dediği” is derived from “demek (to say)” verb as written Menakıpname and accepted by the public or is a sample for localization of words.

Keywords:
Dediği Sultan, dedegi, dede, localisation, folk etymology, linguistics

Literature Quotes:
Öztürk Rıdvan. A sample of localisation - the name of Dedigi Sultan “Dedegi~Dedigi” // Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Veli Araştırma Dergisi. 2015. № 73. pp. 119-130.
Number of views: 243      Download in PDF


25.
2015.02.050. Arvas Abdulselam. A Traveler “Grandfather of Alevî”: Minstrel Davut Sularî // Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Veli Araştırma Dergisi. 2015. № 74. pp. 199-209. Code http://www. hbvdergisi.gazi.edu.tr/index.php/TKHBVD/article/view/1727/1419

Abstract:
It is a common acceptance that the minstrel tradition started in the XVI century. From this century to the present, the number of the Alewi-Bektashi representatives of this tradition cannot be underestimated. A major representative of the minstrel tradition which also existed in the XX century in oral, written and electronic media is Davut Sularî. This primary figure of the minstrel tradition also served as a “grandfather” as an Alevi-Bektashi poet. Although Sularî is one of the foremost figures of the minstrel tradition and there are some scientific research studies about him, he has not attracted enough attention within the academic circles. The aim of this article is to explore why Davut Sularî travelled to many places both in Turkey and Europe. Therefore, in this study his biography was taken into consideration and the views of those who knew him were referred to. In addition, the reflection of the AlewiBektashi terminology as part of the Turkish Sufi literature in his poems was paid attention. As a result, Sularî did not travel for arbitrary reasons. In contrast, he triewto fulfill his duty as a “grandfather” by using his minstrel identity as well as enlightening people.

Keywords:
Minstrel tradition, Davut Sularî, “Alewi-Bektashi”, “grandfather”.

Literature Quotes:
Arvas Abdulselam. A Traveler “Grandfather of Alevî”: Minstrel Davut Sularî // Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Veli Araştırma Dergisi. 2015. № 73. pp. 199-209.
Number of views: 257      Download in PDF


26.
Information
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27.
full number
Number of views: 292      Download in PDF


© 2015, Refereed Journal: History and Archaeology in Countries of Black Sea Basin